Pierre-Christian Labeau has vast experience in the areas of native, constitutional and administrative law, having spent almost 20 years in the service of the Government of Quebec. He is chair of our aboriginal law team.
He is currently acting as the negotiator for the Quebec government in treaty negotiations with the Innu communities and the Canadian government and with respect to a consultation agreement on mining projects with two Algonquin communities in the Abitibi region. Mr Labeau also advises clients across Canada concerning legal and strategic issues related to mining, forestry and energy development, including the negotiation of numerous IBAs and the duty to consult. He provides legal advice to public agencies, corporations and banks regarding issues related to the special legal status of aboriginal peoples.
From 2005 to 2007, Mr. Labeau was interim director of the Native and Constitutional Law Division of the Quebec Department of Justice, with particular responsibility for native law and jurisdictional matters.
From 1998 to 2005, he was a legal adviser in the Native and Constitutional Law Division, advising the provincial government in land claim negotiations with the Innu. He also represented the Attorney General of Quebec before the Supreme Court of Canada in a number of cases, including Taku River and Haida(Crown’s duty to consult and accommodate aboriginal peoples), Paul (power of provincial administrative tribunal to hear disputes involving the ancestral rights of aboriginal peoples), Kitkatla (power of a provincial legislature to authorize the felling of culturally modified trees) and Pelland (power of the provincial legislatures to limit the production of eggs for extra-provincial markets).
From 1994 to 1997, Mr. Labeau assisted the Quebec government’s negotiator in comprehensive land claim negotiations between the province, the Innu and Atikamekw peoples and the Canadian government. Prior to this, he spent four years as a constitutional adviser in the Quebec government’s Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs Secretariat (Meech Lake Agreement, Bélanger-Campeau Commission and Charlottetown Agreement).
Mr. Labeau participated in preparing the interim guide for the consultation of aboriginal peoples published by the Government of Quebec in 2006. He has given numerous lectures on aboriginal law and has taught aboriginal law at Laval University's law school.